Cumulus Linux uses FRRouting to provide the routing protocols for dynamic routing. FRRouting provides many routing protocols, of which Cumulus Linux supports the following:
As shown in the figure above, the FRRouting suite consists of various
protocol-specific daemons and a protocol-independent daemon called
zebra. Each of the protocol-specific daemons are responsible for
running the relevant protocol and building the routing table based on
the information exchanged.
It is not uncommon to have more than one protocol daemon running at the same time. For example, at the edge of an enterprise, protocols internal to an enterprise (called IGP for Interior Gateway Protocol) such as OSPF or RIP run alongside the protocols that connect an enterprise to the rest of the world (called EGP or Exterior Gateway Protocol) such as BGP.
zebra is the daemon that resolves the routes provided by multiple
protocols (including static routes specified by the user) and programs
these routes in the Linux kernel via
netlink (in Linux).
more than this, of course. The
FRRouting documentation defines
zebra as the IP routing manager for FRRouting that “provides kernel
routing table updates, interface lookups, and redistribution of routes
between different routing protocols.”