Links and References

Hugo Shortcodes

Markdown is designed for speed and simplicity, thus it is limited in authoring and customizing rendered content. Rather than insert raw HTML into Markdown, Hugo provides shortcodes, predefined templates referenced from Markdown content.

Hugo provides some built-in shortcodes for some standard use cases. In addition, the Cumulus Networks documentation theme has its own set of custom shortcodes, built for documentation. These shortcodes are explained below.

There are multiple options for adding hyperlinks into Markdown built with Hugo. The easiest is with inline Markdown:

[External Link](
[In-Page Anchor](#adding-images)
[Internal Absolute Reference](/cumulus-linux/Installation_Management/Upgrading_Cumulus_Linux/)
[Internal Relative Reference](../Adding_New_Content/)

Hugo provides default shortcodes for internal references, ref and relref. However, these shortcodes inconsistently open in new tabs, so we created a custom shortcode called pageref:

{{< pageref “Cumulus_Linux_37” “Installation Management” >}}

This shortcode takes two parameters:

  • The siteSlug, which is defined in the page’s front matter; it is the name of the subdirectory in /content or /content/version, like cumulus-linux.
  • The page title, which is also defined in the page’s front matter.

This shortcode renders an internal link with the title of the page as the link text, like this:

Adding Images

Markdown and Hugo both offer multiple options for adding images.

Static References

The first method is a static reference. All files added to the /static folder are served to the site root path. An image added to the /static/images/cumulus-linux subdirectory — for example voice-vlan.png — is accessible at http://localhost:1313/images/cumulus-linux/voice-vlan.png.

These static images can be added in one of two ways. The first is with vanilla Markdown, and is similar to the link syntax. The following Markdown syntax:

![Example Image](/images/cumulus-linux/voice-vlan.png)

Renders this image:

Example Image

You can also use the img shortcode, shown below.

{{< img src = "/images/uploads/PTPExample.png" >}}

Images added with either of the two methods above do not allow for resizing or captioning.

HTML figure Tag

Hugo also provides a shortcode that provides for the use of the HTML <figure> element, which wraps around the <img> tag and adds the functionality of embedded images and elements.

Figure parameters include:

Parameter Description
src URL of image to be displayed
link URL of hyperlink destination
alt Alternative text if image can’t be displayed
title Image title
caption Image caption
height Height in pixels of the image
width Width in pixels of the image

For example, the following code:

{{<figure src="/images/uploads/NetQAgentLogFormat.png" alt="NetQAgentLogFormat.png" caption="NetQ Agent log format" height="50px" >}}

Renders this image with a caption:


NetQ Agent log format